地学前缘 ›› 2020, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (2): 1-12.DOI: 10.13745/j.esf.sf.2020.3.6

• 矿床研究方法与综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

矿床学思维方法探讨

翟裕生   

  1. 中国地质大学(北京)地球科学与资源学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2020-02-09 修回日期:2020-03-10 出版日期:2020-03-25 发布日期:2020-03-25
  • 作者简介:翟裕生(1930—),男,中国科学院院士,教授,博士生导师,主要从事矿床学、区域成矿学和矿田构造学的教学和科研。E-mail:yszhai@cugb.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    内蒙古自治区地质勘查基金项目“内蒙古自治区中部满都拉—白乃庙一带铜金多金属矿成矿规律与成矿预测”(2018-01-YS01);国家自然科学重点基金项目“大陆演化过程中成矿系统的形成与保存——典型矿集区剖析”(40234051)

On the method of thinking in studying mineral deposits

ZHAI Yusheng   

  1. School of Earth Sciences and Resources, China University of Geosciences (Beijing), Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2020-02-09 Revised:2020-03-10 Online:2020-03-25 Published:2020-03-25

摘要:

矿床学是地球科学的一个分支,以其研究对象的复杂性(地质属性+经济属性+环境属性)而著称,也因此而有它特定的研究思维方法。笔者根据研究矿床的实践经验和理性思考,将矿床学研究思维方法概括为8个观点,即:(1)实践思维——实践出真知,实际调查矿床特征;(2)系统思维——成矿系统分析,把握全盘;(3)历史思维——矿床的形成、变化和保存;(4)经济思维——矿产资源、经济建设与社会发展;(5)环境思维——发展绿色矿业,改善生态环境;(6)全球思维——地球系统成矿系统勘查系统三结合;(7)战略思维——矿产资源是关系国家安全的战略资源;(8)辩证思维——唯物辩证法是指导矿床研究的基本哲学思想。运用上述思维方法,有助于提高矿床研究水平,为指导找矿发现和创新成矿理论做出新的贡献。

关键词: 矿床学, 思维方法, 实践性, 系统性, 辩证性, 战略性

Abstract:

Mineral deposit study is a branch of geoscience, which is complicated due to its three basic properties, i.e. geological, economic and environmental aspects. Based on the research of mineral deposits for many years in both practical experiences and academic thinking, the author has proposed eight viewpoints on the thinking method in the study of mineral deposits. These include: (1) practical thinking, investigating the occurrences of mineral deposits which is essential since genuine knowledge comes from practice; (2) systematic thinking, using metallogenic system to involve all basis; (3) historical thinking, knowing the whole process of formation, changing and preservation of mineral deposits; (4) economic thinking, considering mineral resources, economic construction and social development; (5) environmental thinking, developing the green mining and improving the ecological environment; (6) global thinking, combining the Earth system, metallogenic system, and exploration system; (7) strategy thinking, treating the mineral resource as the national strategy; and (8) dialectical thinking, using this as a fundamental philosophical thinking in mineral deposit research. In summary, utilizing the above thinking methods will help to improve the mineral deposit studies and make important contributions to ore exploration.

Key words:  mineral deposit, thinking method, practicalness, systematicness, dialecticality, strategic

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