Nephrite has been used in Eastern Siberia historically as one of the most popular minerals since the Neolithic. The use of nephrite was facilitated by the numerous rich deposits of the stone near the area of Lake Baikal. In Siberia, nephrites come in different colors depending on the genesis of the deposits. There are two fundamentally different genetic types of the stone: apohyperbasite and apocarbonate. Nephrite turned out to be a very good benchmark for reconstructing the development of civilizations over several millennia. The practical role of nephrite in the lives of ancient societies of North Asia and in modern scientific researches has been shown. In this contribution, we discuss the possible ways the natural properties of nephrite can create artistic and artistic-industrial products. We also show the differences between real works of art and serial design products from nephrite.
Raisa M. LOBATSKAYA. 产于东西伯利亚的玉是发展当地独特石雕艺技的基石[J]. 地学前缘, 2020, 27(5): 254-261.
Raisa M. LOBATSKAYA. Nephrite of Eastern Siberia as a basis for development of the original stone-cutting design of the region. Earth Science Frontiers, 2020, 27(5): 254-261.