地学前缘 ›› 2020, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (2): 99-105.DOI: 10.13745/j.esf.sf.2020.3.10

• 矿床研究方法与综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

对我国矿床学未来发展方向的思考

陈华勇   

  1. 中国科学院 广州地球化学研究所 中国科学院矿物学与成矿学重点实验室, 广东 广州 510640
  • 收稿日期:2020-03-02 出版日期:2020-03-25 发布日期:2020-03-25
  • 作者简介:陈华勇(1976—),男,研究员,矿物学、岩石学、矿床学专业,主要从事造山带金属矿产成矿模式及找矿勘探应用方面的研究。E-mail:huayongchen@gig.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家杰出青年科学基金项目(41725009)

Meditations on the future development of ore deposit science in China

CHEN Huayong   

  1. Key Laboratory of Mineralogy and Metallogeny, Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510640, China
  • Received:2020-03-02 Online:2020-03-25 Published:2020-03-25

摘要:

进入21世纪,特别是最近10年以来,社会发展和科技进步对矿床学研究提出了严峻的挑战和新的要求,具体表现在3个方面:学科发展前沿的挑战、国家战略布局需求和社会重大需求。其中学科发展前沿的挑战主要包括成矿模式创新研究不足、学科交叉融合程度不够、应用基础研究相对薄弱;国家战略布局需求则主要体现在“一带一路”、海洋强国和关键金属等方面;社会发展重大需求主要包括深部勘查、智能高效勘查和绿色生态勘查等方面。为了更好地应对挑战、满足需求,在未来30年为建设社会主义现代化强国、实现中华民族伟大复兴做出重要贡献,矿床学研究在未来发展中应注重以下几个方面:(1)成矿模式多维度综合研究;(2)勘查标识体系应用基础研究;(3)关键金属超常富集机制研究;(4)“一带一路”与海洋矿产研究;(5)深地勘查理论与方法集成研究;(6)智能高效绿色勘查体系研究。

关键词: 矿床学, 学科发展前沿, 国家战略布局, 社会发展重大需求

Abstract:

In the 21st century, and especially over the last ten years, societal and technological developments have imposed serious challenges and new demands upon the study of economic geology. These mainly include the frontiers of economic geology, national strategic arrangements, and important social demands. Challenges to the development of economic geology are dominated by a lack of innovation with respect to ore deposit models, limited interdisciplinary integration, and weaknesses in applied basic research. National strategic arrangements mainly consist of the ‘one belt, one road’, maritime power policy, and critical metals, while important social demands primarily include deep exploration, intelligent and efficient exploration, and green (ecofriendly) exploration. To meet these challenges and demands, as well as to contribute to the construction of a great, modern, socialist country, and greatly rejuvenate China within the next 30 years, we propose that the study of economic geology in China should be concentrated on the following: (1) multidimensional and comprehensive studies of metallogenic models; (2) applied basic research on useful indicators for exploration; (3) enrichment mechanisms of critical metals; (4) ‘one belt, one road’ and marine mineral resources; (5) theories and methods of integrative research for deep exploration; and (6) intelligent and efficient exploration systems.

Key words: mineral deposit, frontiers of economic geology, national strategic arrangements, social demands

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